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Documentos y artículos

Mayangna knowledge deep in the heart of Mesoamerica
A World of Science, Vol. 6, No. 3, October-December 2008
Paule Gros and Douglas Nakashima
One of the last extensive areas of Central American tropical rainforest lies along the border of Nicaragua with Honduras. This transboundary area, which includes the Bosawas Biosphere Reserve in Nicaragua and the Rio Plátano Biosphere Reserve on the Honduran side, has come to be known as the Heart of the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor. The second-largest rainforest in the Americas after the Amazon, it is of utmost importance for the conservation of Central American biodiversity. The area is also home to the indigenous Mayangna and Miskito peoples who have occupied these lands for centuries.


One size does not fit all
A World of Science, Vol. 6, No. 3, October-December 2008
Editorial by Walter Erdelen
From 15 to 18 September, indigenous peoples occupied centre-stage at UNESCO. The Organization’s Paris headquarters played host to both the first official visit of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues and the annual meeting of the Inter-agency Support Group on Indigenous Peoples’ Issues, attended by 20 UN agencies and programmes.


A global forum takes to the frontlines of climate change
A World of Science, Vol. 6, No. 3, July-September 2008
Peter Bates
In response to the outcry over the continuing absence of vulnerable groups from international debates on climate change, UNESCO’s Coasts and Small Islands platform and Local and Indigenous Knowledge Systems programme launched an Internet-based discussion forum on 12 June.


© Menuka Scetbon-Didi

An Indigenous Knowledge Forum on Climate Change Impacts
Pachamama, Volume 2 Issue 2, May 2008
Douglas Nakashima
The goal of the forum is to seek community-level observations on climate change impacts, as well as local efforts to cope with and adapt to these changes. It will provide an opportunity for communities to voice and share observations, experiences and concerns, while heightening the profile of indigenous peoples and their knowledge in international climate change debates.


Fishers' Knowledge in Fisheries Science and Management
(Conocimiento de los Pescadores en la Ciencia y Gestión de Pesquerías)
Serie Libros de Consulta sobre Administración Costera No. 4
Editado por Nigel Haggan, Barbara Neis e Ian G. Baird
Los pescadores confían en su profundo conocimiento del medio ambiente natural para su sustento. Este libro tiene su origen en una conferencia del año 2001 denominada "Poniendo el Conocimiento de los Pescadores a Trabajar". El texto se concentra en cómo y dónde el conocimiento de los pescadores –tanto indígena como artesanal, y que concierne tanto al comercio de pequeña escala como a aquel de grandes dimensiones- está siendo puesto a trabajar en colaboración con científicos, administradores gubernamentales y organizaciones no gubernamentales (ONG).


El Agua y los Pueblos Indígenas
Serie Conocimientos de la Naturaleza No. 2
Editado por R. Boelens, M. Chiba D. Nakashima y V. Retana
El Agua y los Pueblos Indígenas está basado en las ponencias entregadas con ocasión del Segundo y Tercero Foros Mundiales del Agua (La Haya –2002- y Kyoto –2003-). El libro trae a primer plano algunas de las críticas indígenas más incisivas de los debates internacionales sobre acceso, uso y gestión del agua, así como las expresiones indígenas de generosidad que comparten el conocimiento y entendimiento colectivos para proponer soluciones a la crisis global del agua.


Traditional Knowledge in Sustainable Development and Resource Management
UNESCO's Programme on the Eradication of Poverty, Especially Extreme Poverty
The LINKS project integrates local and indigenous knowledge (L/IK), practice and worldviews into sustainable development and resource management processes, such that rural communities become active partners in defining development targets, priorities and means. It focuses on the needs of traditional knowledge holders, both men and women, including both elders and youth.


The San: Sustainable Development before its time
The New Courier, May 2005
N. Crawhall
Tst members of the San community remember a time when there were no boreholes in the Southern Kalahari. There was no surface water available except during the rains. The people lived off those plants that absorbed water. During the 19th century, settlers could not penetrate the interior of the Southern Kalahari without using the traditional technology of the San people.


Spared by the sea
The New Courier, May 2005
D. Elias
It is December 26, 2004. Several elders from the Moken tribe, a small community of sea gypsies from the Surin islands Marine National Park off the coast of Phang-Nga Province, Thailand, notice that the sea is churned up and moving in an unusual way. They raise the alarm.


The knowledge that saved the sea gypsies
A World of SCIENCE, Vol. 3, No. 2, April-June 2005
D. Elias, S. Rungmanee et I. Cruz
When the water lapping the shores of Yan Chiak in Myanmar suddenly drew back on 26 December, the Moken recognized the signs. La Boon was about to strike. Dropping everything, the entire village headed for higher ground and safety. La Boon is the Moken word for tsunami.


Reef and Rainforest 
An Environmental Encyclopedia of Marovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands
(Corales y Bosque Tropical: Una Enciclopedia Ambiental de la Laguna de Marovo, Islas Salomón)
Edvard Hviding
Como dicen en marovo: "Quienes no pueden nombrar las buenas cosas del mar y de la tierra, no las pueden encontrar, y entonces no pueden comerlas o beneficiarse de ellas, tampoco pueden saber cómo cuidarlas bien."


Evolution of village-based marine resource management in Vanuatu
Coastal Region and Small Island papers #15
R. E. Johannes and F. R. Hickey
A 1993 study of coastal villages in Vanuatu, an archipelago in the tropical western Pacific, revealed that, within the previous three years, marine resource management measures, designed to reduce or eliminate overfishing or other damaging human impacts on marine resources, had rapidly increased.


NGOs in the Governance of Biodiversity
International Social Science Journal - Issue 178
Marie Roué, Editorial Advisor
Since the traditional ecological knowledge of local and indigenous peoples was written into Agenda 21 and the Convention on Biodiversity, their role in management of their natural resources has achieved international recognition.


Indigenous Knowledge
International Social Science Journal - Issue 173
Arun Agrawal, Editorial Advisor
In the mid-1990s, the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, and the United States Agency for International Development launched a novel partnership. The International Cooperative Biodiversity Groups (ICBG) sought to bring together...


Science, Traditional Knowledge and Sustainable Development
ICSU Series on Science for Sustainable Development No. 4
International Council for Science and UNESCO



Science and Tradition: Roots and Wings for Development
Collection of papers from the conference that took place in Brussels 5 - 6 April, 2001 

Indigenous Knowledge, Peoples and Sustainable Practice
Social and economic dimensionsal environmental change
In Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change - Volume 5
Douglas Nakashima and Marie Roué, Edited by Peter Timmerman
Indigenous knowledge is entering into the mainstream of sustainable development and biodiversity conservation discourse. Article 8(j) of the Convention of Biological Diversity (Rio, 1992) has contributed to this process by...


Tapping into the World's Wisdom
UNESCO Sources
Douglas Nakashima, Lyndel Prott and Peter Bridgewater
Traditional systems of knowledge need to be given rightful recognition alongside modern science. Western science is one type of knowledge system among many. It's time to recognise the others.

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