Geology and geological processes determine the conditions of today's fauna and flora and the conditions in which we live. Throughout history, the development of our society has been intimately linked to natural history and the resources of our planet. Stone, bronze, iron, gold, coal and oil are but a few of a long list of geological resources that have helped shape our society, leading to the industrial revolution. The entering into the 'silicon age' would not have been possible without geological research and its application.
Knowledge of geology and its processes is one of the preconditions for economic growth. By studying geological diversity and processes, we can learn about the Earth's structure, the evolution of life and the way in which geology has influenced ancient and modern cultures. Geological knowledge allows us to identify viable resources, and renewable geological processes, which may benefit or threaten society.