UNESCO Office Jakarta with funding from UN–ISDR (using contribution from the Royal Government of Netherlands) collaborated with the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) on “Strengthening Community-based Disaster Preparedness in Indonesia” project.
Together with other relevant stakeholders, such as National Coordinating Board for Disaster Management and IDPs (BAKORNAS), Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB), and the Indonesian Society for Disaster Management (MPBI), UNESCO Office Jakarta and LIPI had been working to build up standardized and appropriate instruments in measuring community disaster preparedness in Indonesia. Aiming at developing a simple assessment tool (framework) to measure the level of community preparedness in facing natural disasters with emphasis in earthquake and tsunami, the project had formulated 5 parameters. The 5 parameters are: (1) Knowledge-Attitude-Practices; (2) Emergency Planning; (3) Policy Statement & Legal Product; (4) Resource Mobilization Capacity; and (5) Warning System. The project also documented information and real experiences of using local knowledge in disaster preparedness; i.e. Simeuleu Island is acknowledged to have a limited number of human victims because of local knowledge.