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Accueil > Traditional Resource Use in Coastal Marine Environments - Mise à jour: 28-08-2002 3:51 pm

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Coastal marine resource use by indigenous Moken communities along the Andaman Sea coast in Thailand is among ongoing field projects within the Coastal Regions and Small Islands (CSI) platform.  

This work builds on several decades of UNESCO interest and involvement in research on traditional resource use in coastal marine environments (e.g. Lasserre and Ruddle, 1983; Ruddle and Johannes, 1985, 1990). As with other bodies of local knowledge, there are a number of important commonalities among different corpuses of local knowledge of coastal-marine environments and resources, as enumerated by Ruddle (2000).

  • They are based on long-term empirical, local observation that is adapted specifically to local conditions, embraces local variation and is often extremely detailed.

  • They are practical and behaviour-oriented, focusing on important resource types and species.

  • They are structured, which makes them somewhat compatible with Western biological and ecological concepts through a clear awareness of ecological links and notions of resource conservation.

  • They are often dynamic systems capable of incorporating an awareness of ecological perturbations and of merging this awareness with an indigenous core of knowledge.


    Lasserre, P.; Ruddle, K. 1983. Traditional Knowledge and Management of Marine Coastal Systems. Report of the ad hoc steering group organized by the International Association for Biological Oceanography (IABO/IUBS) in cooperation with the UNESCO Division of Marine Sciences. Paris, 5-8 July 1983. Biology International, Special Issue 4. IUBS, Paris.

    Nakashima, D. 2000. What relationship between scientific and traditional systems of knowledge? Some introductory remarks. In: UNESCO (ed.), World Conference on Science. Science for the Twenty-first Century. A New Commitment, p. 432. UNESCO, Paris.

    Ruddle, K. 2000. Systems of knowledge: dialogue, relationships and process. In: UNESCO (ed.), World Conference on Science. Science for the Twenty-first Century. A New Commitment, pp. 433-435. UNESCO, Paris.

    Ruddle, K.; Johannes, R.E. (eds). 1985. The Traditional Knowledge and Management of Coastal Systems in Asia and the Pacific. Papers presented at a regional seminar held at the UNESCO Regional Office for Science and Technology for Southeast Asia. Jakarta (Indonesia). 5-9 December, 1983. UNESCO-ROSTSEA. Jakarta.

    Ruddle, K.; Johannes, R.E. (eds). 1990. Traditional Marine Resource Management in the Pacific Basin: An Anthology. UNESCO-ROSTSEA. Jakarta.

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