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Illicit Traffic of Cultural Property

Combat and prevention of illicit traffic of cultural property

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The UNESCO 1970 Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property is among the conventions that has low rate of ratification from most African countries and specifically Southern Africa. In total 23 African countries has ratified the 1970 Convention and in Southern Africa in particular they are Angola, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The Convention encourages the States Parties to recognize that the illicit import, export and transfer of ownership of cultural property is one of the main causes of the impoverishment of the cultural heritage of the countries of origin and that international co-operation constitutes one of the most efficient means of protecting each country's cultural property against all the dangers resulting there from.

A two days workshop on “Prevention and fight against illicit traffic of cultural goods in Southern African region” was held at Safari Hotel in Windhoek Namibia from 14 to 15 September 2011.The workshop was organized by UNESCO Windhoek and Harare Office in cooperation with the relevant governmental partners in Namibia. The workshop objectives was to take stock of the current situation in the institutional networking in prevention and combat against illicit traffic of cultural goods and define possible way forward in strengthening of both national and sub-regional cooperation in this domain based on the UNESCO 1970 Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property as well as the 1995 UNIDROIT Convention On Stolen Or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects.

Participated countries were the following: Botswana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Experts of INTERPOL of Lyon and UNIDROIT of Rome acted as resource experts.


 

News

02 Sep 2011 Prevention and fight against illicit traffic of cultural goods in Southern African region - Current situation and Way Forward (14-15 September 2011, Windhoek, Namibia) UNESCO Office Windhoek
1970 Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property More


Documents

Workshop on Prevention and Fight against Illicit Traffic of Cultural Goods in Southern Africa Dr Peingeondjabi T. Shipoh
Opening Remarks by Dr Peingeondjabi T. Shipoh, Permanent Secretary of Youth, National Youth Service, Sport and Culture More

Prevention and fight against illicit traffic of cultural goods in Southern Africa Current Situation and Way Forward Prof. Alaphia Wright
Prof. Alaphia Wright, Director and Representative
UNESCO Cluster Office in Windhoek on the occasion of workshop More

The Recovery of Cultural Objects by African States through the UNESCO and UNIDROIT Conventions and the Role of Arbitration Folarin Shyllon
The majority of African countries that could benefit by becoming States Parties to the 1970 UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property are not States Parties. Since the Convention came into force on 24 April 1972, there have been only twenty African States Parties. Similarly, the majority of African States were absent from the full diplomatic Conference which, in Rome, adopted the text of the UNIDROIT Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects in June 1995. Thirteen African countries sent representatives and one sent an observer. The Convention entered into force on 1 July 1998 between China, Ecuador, Lithuania, Paraguay and Romania. Seven other nations including Italy have joined the Convention. Not a single African country is a State Party, although Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea, Senegal and Zambia are signatories to the Convention. More

UNIDROIT and its action in the fight against illicit trafficking in cultural objects UNIDROIT
“Prevention and fight against Illicit traffic of cultural goods in Southern Africa” - Current Situation and Way Forward More

Object ID Record Sheet UNESCO
 More

Introduction Object ID UNESCO, ICOM, Object ID
 More

Interpol’s Role in the Fight against the Illicit Traffic in Cultural Property Karl-Heinz Kind
Presentation made at the UNESCO Workshop on Prevention and Fight Against Illicit Traffic of Cultural Goods in Southern African Region. More

The role of National and International Legal Instruments in the Protection of African Cultural Goods UNIDROIT
For the 2nd PAN AFRICAN CULTURAL CONGRESS, 5-7 October 2009 - Inventory, Protection and Promotion of African Cultural Goods More

Zimbabwe Report on the UNESCO Workshop on Prevention and Fight against Illicit Traffic of Cultural Goods in Southern Africa: Current Situation and Way Forward Godfrey Mahachi
Presentation made at the UNESCO Workshop on Prevention and Fight Against Illicit Traffic of Cultural Goods in Southern African Region. More

Illicit Traffiking of Cultural Goods in Southern Africa: The Case of Zambia Flexon M Mizinga
Presentation made at the UNESCO Workshop on Prevention and Fight Against Illicit Traffic of Cultural Goods in Southern African Region. More

Prevention and fight against illicit traffic of cultural goods in Southern Africa Current Situation and Way Forward Damir Dijakovic
Presentation made at the UNESCO Workshop on Prevention and Fight Against Illicit Traffic of Cultural Goods in Southern African Region. More

Prevention and Fight Against Illicit Traffic of Cultural Goods in Southern Africa Edouard Planche
Prevention and Fight Against Illicit Traffic of Cultural Goods in Southern Africa More

Presentation on Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property – 1970 Nomsa Dlamini
Presentation made at the UNESCO Workshop on Prevention and Fight Against Illicit Traffic of Cultural Goods in Southern African Region. More

Prevention and Combat against Illicit Traffic of Cultural Goods in South Africa Reinette Stander & Regina Isaacs
Presentation made at the UNESCO Workshop on Prevention and Fight Against Illicit Traffic of Cultural Goods in Southern African Region. More

Building a Regional Heritage Network SADC Association of Museums and Monuments
Presentation made at the UNESCO Workshop on Prevention and Fight Against Illicit Traffic of Cultural Goods in Southern African Region More

Illicit Trafficking in Cultural Property: the Namibian perspective Eugene Marais & Marina Mubusisi
Presentation made at the UNESCO Workshop on Prevention and Fight Against Illicit Traffic of Cultural Goods in Southern African Region More

Prevention and fight against illicit traffic of cultural goods in Lesotho Matsosane Molibeli
Presentation made at the UNESCO Workshop on Prevention and Fight Against Illicit Traffic of Cultural Goods in Southern African Region More

Presentation by Botswana National Museum and Monuments Botswana National Museum and Monuments
Presentation made at the UNESCO Workshop on Prevention and Fight Against Illicit Traffic of Cultural Goods in Southern African Region. More

A proposal for an inclusive international partnership for the sharing and safeguarding of Cultural and Natural Heritage Rudo Sithole
Presentation made at the UNESCO Workshop on Prevention and Fight Against Illicit Traffic of Cultural Goods in Southern African Region. More

The Status of Prevention and Combat of Illicit Trafficking in Cultural Property in Malawi Lovemore C.J. Mazibuko
Presentation made at the UNESCO Workshop on Prevention and Fight Against Illicit Traffic of Cultural Goods in Southern African Region. More

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