United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
hp.jpg What is brain drain?
Over the past decade, South East European countries have suffered from emigration of up to 70% of skilled professionals, in addition, specialists frequently leave their professions for better-paid jobs in the private sector. This has lead into a problem labelled as brain drain/waste.

Examples of brain drain
In Albania, over the last ten years, the University of Tirana has lost 40 percent of its academic staff, of which 90 percent were under 40 years of age. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the four-year war completely destroyed the country’s productive technological base.

UNESCO and HP’s joint response
  • Link the researchers who stayed in their countries and those that have left;
  • Improve research, increase dialogue and strengthen human capital across the region: measures such as development of websites, databases and new research projects as well as collaboration with international colleagues;
  • Provide grid computing technology to universities and expand cooperation to the South East Europe grid, as the key tool for scientific collaboration across boundaries.

The evolution of the Partnership
  • The first meeting of the project’s Steering Group, hosted by UNESCO-ROSTE in Venice in 2003, brought together UNESCO, HP and representatives the three target countries of the pilot phase: Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia and Montenegro. Latest technology HP Grid computing equipment was handed over to five Universities.
  • In October 2004, a meeting of participating scientists took place to offer opportunities to the scientists participating in the project (5 Countries and 7 Universities) to know one another and learn about each other's work.
  • In 2005 the project was expanded to include the Polytechnic University of Tirana, Albania and 'Ss Cyril annd Methoudius' University, Skopje, FYR of Macedonia.

What is grid computing technology?
Grid Computing lets you bring together all your heterogeneous computing resources and allocate them efficiently to form a virtual supercomputer on which users can work collaboratively.

Related Websites

UNESCO office Venice, (including, photos, questions and answers, list of events and more details about the program)


Start date 19 Dec 2005
End Date 19 Dec 2005
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