UNESCO: United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization

The Organisation

THE ORGANIZATION

Dr. M. C. Patricia Morales

Patricia Morales studied philosophy at the University of Buenos Aires and Goethe University in Frankfurt. She got her Ph.D in 1996 at the University of Buenos Airres with her thesis Derechos humanos y etica de la responsabilidad solidaria.
She is researcher at Tilburg University, Institute Globus, and University of Louvain, Institute for Sustainable Peace, on issues of ethics, human rights, sustainable development, at global and Latin America level. She also collaborates with the University Blas Pascal in Argentina.
At Tilburg University (1998-2000), she became involved in the Earth Charter process, participating in the research program and the organization of conferences. They worked on a Glossary on Global Principles for the Earth Charter ( www.earthcharter.org) among other activities.
She has been coordinator of various international conferences, as A Global Ethics for a Humane World (2001-2002) with the chairmanship of Justice Richard Goldstone and Ruud Lubbers.

She is editor of Indigenous Peoples, Human Rights and Global Interdependence (1994), Towards Global Human Rights (1996), and Pueblos indigenas, derechos humanos e interdependencia global (2001) and director of the magazine Terra Curanda www.terracuranda.org ( Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems www.eolss.net )
She has participated in the coordination of the Opening Conference of the UNESCO-IHE, Institute for Water Education (2002) and in the edition of the Water Wisdom Book (2005).
She collaborates actively with members of several universities, UN Agencies and NGOs of different countries, being an active member of ARABEL and APAER, asociations dedicated to support educational and other similar projects in Argentina.
“The Philosophy of the UNESCO toward ‘intellectual and moral solidarity’”

The aim of this contribution is to show the role played by the UNESCO, its statements and initiatives for strengthening “intellectual and moral solidarity” in Latin America from its beginning to today.

The promotion of education, science, and culture by the UNESCO in Latin America has been remarkable. The following key issues related to UNESCO in Latin America will be considered:

1. Education: alphabetisation campaigns, conferences, etc;

2. The environment and sustainable development: MAB, protection of natural heritage;

3. Development of science and technology: activities of ROSTLAC, etc;

4. Culture and the media: information, exhibition, events coordination;

5. Human rights and fundamental freedoms: conferences, distribution of materials.

The moral approach of the UNESCO and its commitment to peace has been very positive for the evolution of Latin American countries and the recovery of Latin America identity in general. In times of dictatorship the UNESCO has preserved a space for freedom of expression and from fear. In times of democracy the UNESCO has taken an active role for promoting dialogue among cultures, development of education and science. The UNESCO HQ and also its offices in Latin America (ROSTLAC, etc) dedicated many efforts for promoting human rights and democracy through education programmes and other related initiatives.

UNESCO was for many scientists, educators and thinkers a symbol of freedom and international protection for promoting freedom for culture and science.
In this sense the UNESCO played an inspirational role for the ideals proclaimed in its Constitution.

The future of UNESCO in Latin America has to be considered in the light of the fruitful past; taking into account the particular needs of the region, and at the same time the unique cultural and natural heritage of the region and the human values shared among the Latin American people.

Mail Address morales@skynet.be; www.terracuranda.info
Europe and North America Latin America and the Caribbean Africa Arab States Asia Pacific