|Carthage was founded in the ninth century BC on the Gulf of Tunis, near present-day Tunis. By the sixth century, this rich and powerful Phoenician city held sway over maritime and commercial activities in the Mediterranean. The long Punic wars finally razed it in 146 BC. It was rebuilt by Julius Caesar, only to re-emerge as a major centre of Christendom. It was later captured by the Vandals, annexed by the Byzantine Empire, and then conquered by the Arabs in 698.UNESCO launched a 20-year international campaign in 1972 for the safeguarding of its archaeological sites, which were threatened by encroaching urbanization. The commemorative medal was issued in 1976 and three years later, Carthage was inscribed on the World Heritage List. Engraved by Raymond Tschudin, its obverse shows a fourth century AD mosaic of a lady from Roman Carthage, with the Latin inscription UNESCO-CARTHAGO MCMLXXVI. The reverse features motifs from coins of Punic Carthage from the fourth century BC - a horseman, hound and lotus.
Available in gold, silver and bronze
Photo © UNESCO/N. Burke