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Biological Diversity
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Home > Biological diversity - Updated: 17-04-2003 8:54 am
Biological diversity — or biodiversity — is the term given to the variety of life on Earth and the natural patterns it forms.  

Biodiversity Observations on the Internet (BIO)
Fledgling global platform of biodiversity observations on the Internet, launched at an international workshop held in Bonn in December 2000.
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Biosphere Reserves: Reconciling Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Development
The World Network of Biosphere Reserves (currently, 408 sites in 94 countries) embodies a practical approach to one of the most important questions the world faces today: How can we reconcile conservation of biodiversity and biological resources with their sustainable use?
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BRIM (Biosphere Reserve Integrated Monitoring)
MABFlora and MABFauna databases are among the products of BRIM, which provides a framework for abiotic, biodiversity, socio-economic and integrated monitoring in the World Network of Biosphere Reserves.
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Conservation International (CI)
Washington D.C. based non-profit organization dedicated to the protection of natural ecosystems and the species they contain. For several years, UNESCO and CI have been co-operating in promoting the biosphere reserve concept.
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Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
The aims of the CBD are ‘the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources’.
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Collaborative research programme set up in 1991 to promote and catalyse knowledge about biodiversity, including its origins, composition, ecosystem functioning, maintenance and conservation.
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Biodiversity in freshwater ecosystems and contiguous land areas forms part of the research agenda of work on ecohydrology within the International Hydrological Programme (IHP).
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Environment and Development - World Conference on Sustainable Development
Johannesburg, 2002
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Global Initiative on Biodiversity Education and Public Awareness
At its sixth meeting (The Hague, Netherlands April 2002), the Conference of Parties (COP) of the CBD adopted a programme of work based on recommendations and proposals of three sessions of a consultative working group of experts organized by the CBD, UNESCO and IUCN.
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Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event (IGCP Project 410)
One of several recent and ongoing IGCP (International Geological Correlation Programme) projects concerned with biological diversity issues over geological time.
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Marine Biodiversity and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission(IOC)
IOC’s work on marine living resources includes collaborative studies on coral reefs, harmful marine algae and coastal biota. Also the promotion of broader approaches to fisheries management.
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People and Plants
WWF/UNESCO-MAB initiative, in association with the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, to promote ethnobotany and the increasing involvement of local communities in conservation and sustainable use of plant resources.
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Ramsar Convention on Wetlands
The Convention on Wetlands, which was signed in Ramsar (Iran) in 1971, provides one of the principal international instruments for the conservation of wetlands.
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Ramsar-MAB Cooperation
Joint web site reflecting cooperative programme and shared-contiguous sites between the Ramsar Convention and UNESCO-MAB.
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UNEP-World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC)
Based in Cambridge (United Kingdom), UNEP-WCMC provides information for policy and action on the living world.
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World Conservation Union (IUCN)
The World Conservation Union brings together over 980 members from 140 countries, including States, government agencies and various kinds of non-governmental agencies, in a unique world partnership for conserving nature.
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World Heritage Convention and Biodiversity Conservation
The World Heritage List includes such world-renowned sites as Bialowieza, Galapagos Islands, Great Barrier Reef, Lake Baikal, Serengeti-Ngorongoro and Yellowstone among its 144 natural and 23 mixed sites.
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World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
Since its creation in 1961, WWF has become one of the world’s largest independent organizations dedicated to the conservation of nature, working in around 100 countries and supported by some five million people worldwide.
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