First anniversary of the earthquake at World Heritage city of Bam (Iran)The inscription of Bam and its Cultural Landscape, the ancient Silk Road landmark, on UNESCO’s World Heritage List and on the World Heritage List in Danger will be celebrated in a ceremony on December 27, marking the first anniversary of the earthquake that destroyed much of the site and killed more than 26,000 people.
Iran is planning to hold international workshops, meetings and conferences during the first quarter of 2005 to raise awareness of Bam and projects for its rehabilitation. An International Conference will be organized in cooperation with the Italian authorities during the second half of the year to mobilize international support for the safeguarding and rehabilitation of the site.
Situated in the desert on the southern edge of the Iranian high plateau, Bam developed as a crossroads of trade in silk and cotton. Its origins can be traced to the Achaemenid period (6th-4th century BC). The main ancient remains of the site, which reached its heyday from the 7th to 11th centuries, are within a fortified citadel area (Arg), which contains 38 watchtowers, Governmental Quarters, and the historic town with one of the oldest mosques in Iran, dating from the 8th or 9th century. Bam is the most representative example of a fortified medieval town built in vernacular technique using mud layers.
Bam Cultural Landscape represents an exceptional testimony to the development of a trading settlement where various influences met in a desert environment in Central Asia. It is an outstanding example of mud layer technique (Chineh) combined with mud bricks (Khesht). The qanāts further provide an outstanding representation of the interaction of man and nature in a desert environment.
By submitting sites for inscription on the World Heritage List, states parties to UNESCO’s 1972 Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, undertake to preserve the outstanding value of the property. Inscription on the World Heritage List in Danger is intended to mobilize support to save sites facing serious threat to their integrity.
1 The meeting, at UNESCO Headquarters brought together the Chairperson of the World Heritage Committee, Themba Wakashe; the Assistant Director-General for Culture, Mounir Bouchenaki; Cristina Carenza, Counsellor of the Italian Permanent Delegation to UNESCO; Seyyed Mohammad Beheshti, Head of the Research Organization for Cultural Heritage and Tourism (Iran); Rasool Vatandoust, Director of the Research Centre for the Conservation of Cultural Relics (Iran); Hossein Rayati, Director of Conservation of Historical Buildings and Sites (Iran); Francesco Bandarin, Director of the World Heritage Centre and a representative of the UNESCO Tehran Cluster Office.
Photo © UNESCO/M. Bouchenaki
|Source||Press Release No 2004 - 126|
Arabic | Russian
|Publication Date||23 Dec 2004|