Baku, Comoe and Kathmandu inscribed on the List of World Heritage in DangerThe Walled City of Baku in Azerbaijan, Comoé National Park in Côte d’Ivoire and Kathmandu Valley in Nepal were inscribed today on the List of World Heritage in Danger by UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee, which has been holding its 27th session at Headquarters since June 30 under the chair of Vera Lacoeuilhe (Saint Lucia).
Comoé National Park (Côte d’Ivoire), inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1983, is one of the largest protected areas in West Africa. It is characterized by its great plant diversity. The present unrest in Côte d’Ivoire is having an adverse effect on the site, as is poaching of wildlife and fires caused by poachers, over-grazing by large cattle herds and the absence of effective management.
Kathmandu Valley (Nepal) was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1979. It was then composed of seven zones with monuments surrounded by traditional buildings. The royal city centres of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur, were examples of exceptional Newari architectural design, which has gradually disappeared due to uncontrolled urban development.
The Walled City of Baku and Shirvan shah's Palace and Maiden Tower (Azerbaijan). Built on a site inhabited since the Palaeolithic period, the Walled City of Baku, inscribed on the World Heritage List in 2000, reveals evidence of Zoroastrian, Sassanian, Arabic, Persian, Shirvani, Ottoman, and Russian presence in cultural continuity. The site sustained significant damage during the earthquake of November 2000 and is increasingly affected by the pressure of urban development, the absence of conservation policies and by dubious restoration efforts.
The cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the Bamiyan Valley in Afghanistan, as well as Ashur (Qala’at Sherqat) in Iraq were already inscribed on July 2 on both the World Heritage List and on the List of World Heritage in Danger (see press release No.2003-39).
The List of World Heritage in Danger today numbers 35 sites throughout the world: the Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam, Cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the Bamiyan Valley (Afghanistan), Butrint (Albania), Tipasa (Algeria), Walled City of Baku and Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower (Azerbaijan), Royal Palaces of Abomey (Benin), Angkor (Cambodia), Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park (Central African Republic), Comoé National Park (Côte d’Ivoire), Virunga National Park, Garamba National Park, Kahuzi-Biega National Park, Okapi Wildlife Reserve, Salonga National Park (Democratic Republic of the Congo), Sangay National Park (Ecuador), Abu Mena (Egypt), Simien National Park (Ethiopia), Mount Nimba Nature Reserve (Guinea / Côte d’Ivoire), Rio Platano Biosphere Reserve (Honduras), Manas Wildlife Sanctuary, Group of Monuments at Hampi (India), Ashur / Qala’at Sherqat (Iraq), Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls (site proposed by Jordan), Timbuktu (Mali), Kathmandu Valley (Nepal), Air and Ténéré Natural (Niger), Bahla Fort (Oman), Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore (Pakistan), Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (Peru), Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras (Philippines), Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary (Senegal), Ichkeul National Park (Tunisia), Rwenzori Mountains National Park (Uganda), Everglades National Park (USA), Historic Town of Zabid (Yemen).