Atelier régional arabe sur le trafic illicit de biens culturels

Bureau de l'UNESCO à Beyrouth

We, the representatives of Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen, participants in the Arab Regional Workshop on the Illicit Traffic of Cultural Properties hosted by the UNESCO Beirut Office from 11-14 February 2002, recommend to States in the Arab region to:

1. Consider ratifying the Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict 1954 and its two Protocols, and the UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property of 1970 if they have not already done so;

2. Strengthen relevant national legislation and penal laws so as to reflect the importance of asserting ownership of the State over all antiquities and other cultural property in order that this legislation may be enforced in foreign jurisdictions against smugglers and traders, whether they are individuals or institutions, who deal with cultural property illegally exported from the source country;

3. Better regulate the legal reproduction or copying of cultural property and combat its illegal reproduction;

4. Accelerate the making of inventories and documentation of cultural property, whether held privately or located in museums, warehouses, at archaeological sites or at historical landmarks, and to promote the standardization of such inventories;

5. Undertake to raise public awareness of the problem of the illicit trafficking of cultural property at the national level, including educational programs in schools and information campaigns designed for the general public in cooperation with the National Commissions of UNESCO, cultural associations, and the private sector as well as the media;

6. Elaborate specialized training programs on authentic, and copied or reproduced, cultural property to police and customs personnel in co-operation with experts in the field ;

7. Consider establishing a specialized unit to fight against the illicit trade in cultural objects in cooperation with appropriate national authorities and with the concerned international organizations;

8. Encourage better collaboration between national administrative and judicial units to ensure enforcement of national laws and the laws of other countries as well as international conventions that protect cultural heritage;

9. Establish a national committee composed of representatives of authorities concerned with the protection of cultural property (for example, police, Customs Department, antiquities authorities, Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Justice etc…) who will meet regularly to work together in the fight against the illicit traffic of cultural property;

10. Encourage the circulation, as quickly as possible, of information concerned with the illicit traffic of cultural property through the networks of INTERPOL and, where appropriate, ICOM and other concerned institutions;

11. Raise awareness of the general public of, and draw the attention of professionals and decision makers to, the importance of underwater cultural heritage and the threat of its pillaging and illicit excavation by treasure-hunters and others;

12. Establish a national committee to study the text and the implications of ratifying the UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage 2001;

13. Adopt national legislation to take into consideration the practical application of the standards for management of underwater cultural heritage as set out in the Annex to the Convention on underwater cultural heritage or in the ICOMOS Charter on the Protection and Management of the Underwater Cultural Heritage (Sofia 1996);

14. Plan to make a survey of underwater cultural heritage so as to set priorities for its protection and exploration and to consider the possibility of specialized museums.

We further invite:

15. UNIDROIT and UNESCO to provide information on the UNIDROIT Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects of 1995, since Arab countries have not yet ratified it, and to conduct workshops or meetings with antiquities, police, customs and legal experts and authorities in the Arab countries to explain and clarify the UNIDROIT Convention; and

16. UNESCO to conduct sub or inter-regional workshops for the Arab states to address specific problems of illicit trafficking of cultural property.

Date de début 11 Feb 2002
Date de fin 14 Feb 2002
Lieu de la réunion Beyrouth, Liban
Organisateur UNESCO Beirut Office

© 2007 - UNESCO