Trade union freedom
there are legal provisions protecting trade union freedom. It is illegal under the Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act of 1959 to restrict freedom of association.
For public sector workers, any employee from any industry is eligible to join a union (except members of the defence forces).
Law or regulations governing these matters: The Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act of 1959.
Collective agreements are an acceptable way of negotiation in the U.S. The right to collective agreements is covered by the Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act of 1959, Section 104.
There are collective agreements for each sector. All sectors have the choice of collective or individual agreements.
Promotion of social dialogue
There are service organizations that are not-for-profit entities engaged in social dialogue regarding the arts.
Status of such bodies: Public, not-for-profit organizations.
Mediation and/or appeals
There are bodies for mediation and/or appeals. The American Arbitration Association (www.adr.org) is a non-profit organization that is a provider of conflict management and dispute resolution services.
The National Arbitration Forum (www.arb-forum.com) also provides arbitration and mediation services.
Status of such bodies: the American Arbitration Association is an independent, not-for-profit, public service organization. The National Arbitration Forum is a private company.
Source : Theatre Communications Group
U.S. Center of the International Theatre Institute