Es inconcebible en la actualidad que el museo - lugar de conservación, estudio y reflexión sobre el patrimonio y la cultura - quede al margen de los desafíos principales de nuestra época. Sin embargo, los museos no han existido siempre y su creación es más bien reciente en la historia cultural de la humanidad. ¿Qué es un museo hoy y para qué sirve?
El Renacimiento del Museo Nacional de Afganistán
Construido en los años 1930, el Museo Nacional de Afganistán en Kabul posee magníficas colecciones que reflejan la gran diversidad del patrimonio cultural nacional.
Film documentary on the lost treasures of the National Museum of Afghanistan
'Traces: The Kabul Museum, 1988' represents the most comprehensive film documentation of the collections of the Museum before the looting and destruction of war and civil conflict.
Illuminating Interrelations and Engaging Dialogues: Museums as a Civic Space for Developing Intercultural Skills
The Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation, within the framework of the UNESCO Intersectoral Platform "Contributing to the Dialogue among Civilizations and Cultures and a Culture of Peace", sponsors a project centred on museological approaches of communicating historical intercultural exchange, with the financial contribution of USD 199,445.
The Section of Museum and Cultural Objects of UNESCO is developing two pilot installations which deal with remembering, historicizing and rediscovering the relationships that have existed between different civilizations and cultures within the Mediterranean and Nile basins. Artefacts from the National Museum of Damascus (the Syrian Arab Republic) and the Nubian Museum in Aswan (Egypt) are selected to highlight this intercultural exchange of scientific, religious and artistic forms of knowledge.
Through the use of path-breaking museological itineraries, the museums will show their role in illuminating the rich and complex systems of cultural, technical and stylistic influences and exchanges between civilizations. In doing this they aim to demonstrate that the territory of a culture does not have a precise frontier, but one that is fluid. The activities of the project are:
1. The National Museum of Damascus and the Nubian Museum of Aswan will each show artefacts from their collections, 40 and 25 respectively, in the form of a thematic ‘itinerary’ to highlight the objectives.
2. The same museums will launch associated educational activities on the basis of the ‘itinerary’, addressed to children.
3. An online virtual museum, also showing the above mentioned artefacts, will be developed to highlight these cultural exchanges for those who cannot visit the museums.
4. A special website featuring selected objects from water museums in Europe will be developed, in order to highlight intercultural exchange around the themes of hydrological engineering, water-related artistic expressions and water management. The website will be in the framework of the Water and Cultural Diversity project and will offer a platform of cooperation and information dissemination, acting as a reference tool for promoting loans of collections and objects between museums on the one hand, and an exchange forum of museum professionals and education staff on the other.
Improving Museum Inventories and Documentation in Sub-Saharan Africa
Les fonds en dépôt norvégiens participent à la sauvegarde des collections de musées menacées en Afrique
Le 23 juin 2005, le gouvernement de Norvège a annoncé un nouveau projet de l’UNESCO de fonds en dépôt sur deux ans pour sauvegarder les collections des musées et promouvoir la diversité culturelle en Ethiopie, au Mali et au Sénégal.
Movable Heritage Outreach Programme
This programme aims to inform museum staff, visitors, owners of collections and concerned public about the value of the different types of movable cultural properties. It also seeks to increase awareness of the wider public on the importance of their contribution to the appropriate management of museum collections.
Museum-in-Exile: Swiss Foundation safeguards over 1,400 Afghan artefacts
For the past six years the Swiss town of Budendorf, located near Basel, has been home to the "Afghanistan Museum-in-Exile".
National Museum of Egyptian Civilization (NMEC) under construction
Following the establishment of the Nubia Museum, the Executive Committee of the International Campaign, is now strongly involved in the realization of the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization (NMEC) in Cairo.
New Norwegian Funds-in-Trust project helps restore a National Museum in Georgia
"The Restoration and Revitalization of the Georgian State Museum of Vernacular Architecture and Ethnography: Emergency Restoration Works and Capacity-building."
Nubia Museum, Aswan
The Nubia Museum in Aswan, designed to house the collection items unearthed at the archaeological excavations during the Nubia Campaign, was officially opened on 23 November 1997.
Preservación de los Objetos en Peligro del Museo Nacional de Sudán (Jartum) y del Museo Arqueológico de Djebel Barkal
Como parte del programa de la UNESCO para la protección de los bienes culturales muebles en peligro y el desarrollo de los museos, financiado gracias a una contribución de EE UU a la UNESCO cuando este país regresó a la organización en octubre de 2003, se lanzó un proyecto piloto por un monto de 230.000 US $ en el Museo Nacional de Sudán en Jartum y en el Museo Arqueológico de Djebel Barkal.
Promoting partnerships between museums and communities in Honduras
UNESCO’s Programme for the Preservation of Endangered Movable Cultural Properties and Museum Development has linked up with an innovative ‘Museums and Communities’ Network in Central America to strengthen the relationship between museums and local communities in Honduras.
Successful completion of a two-year pilot project to inventory, conserve and restore collections of the National Museum of Afghanistan
Financed by the US contribution to UNESCO, the US$250,000 pilot project for the documentation and conservation of Kabul Museum’s endangered collections produced inventories of objects that survived the years of war, trained staff in conservation techniques and restored objects destroyed by Taliban.
The continued efforts for the revitalization of Georgia’s Museum Sector
With financial support from the Norwegian Government, UNESCO has renewed its commitment in assisting the revitalization of the Georgian museum sector, which was first initiated in September 2006 with the immediate goal to conserve and restore the traditional houses and related ethnographical objects in the Giorgi Chitaia Open Air Museum, situated in Tbilisi. Working with various international and national partners, such as the Maihaugen Museum in Lillehammer, Norway, the Norwegian Crafts Union, the Norwegian Directorate for Cultural Heritage, ICOMOS Georgia, the Georgian National Museum, the Tbilisi State Academy of Fine Arts and the Georgian Ministry of Culture, Monuments’ Protection and Sport; the project continues to develop the Open Air Museum into a sustainable and dynamic centre for the safeguarding and promotion of Georgian architectural and ethnographic heritage.
The Greek Government's Initiative for the National Museum of Afghanistan
An important step towards the rehabilitation of Afghanistan's cultural infrastructure.
The Kuwait National Museum
The State of Kuwait is one of the countries in the Persian Gulf region which is endowed with a great wealth of Islamic Art representing different periods and different ages.
The Kuwait National Museum (KNM) is located on the seafront in Kuwait City on Arabian Gulf Street.
The Museums of Ghazni, Afghanistan
The Italian government sponsors a project to rehabilitate and reopen two museums they started working on decades ago.
The Museum of Islamic Art in Rauza, a suburb of Ghazni, was first opened by the Italian Archaeological Mission in 1966. The Museum, which was housed in the restored sixteenth-century Mausoleum of Abd al-Razzaq, showcased the artifacts of the Islamic period that the Italian Archaeological Mission had unearthed in their first ten years of excavations.
The United States funds a UNESCO project for the National Museum of Afghanistan
As part of the UNESCO Programme for the Preservation of Endangered Movable Cultural Properties and Museum Development, funded by a contribution made to UNESCO from the United States of America when it rejoined the Organization in October 2003, a US $250,000 pilot project was launched at the National Museum of Afghanistan in Kabul.
Training seminar for staff in charge of the Documentation and Inventory of Cambodian Museums
In cooperation with the UNESCO Office in Cambodia and the National Museum of Cambodia, a training seminar was organized in Phnom Penh from 4 to 9 December 2009.
It was sponsored by UNESCO within the framework of the Programme for preventive conservation of endangered museum collections.
UNESCO helps preserve endangered heritage of Kenya’s coastal communities
As part of the UNESCO Programme for the Preservation of Endangered Movable Cultural Properties and Museum Development, UNESCO carried out a pilot project for the preservation of endangered cultural objects from the coastal communities of Kenya in partnership with the National Museums of Kenya and the Centre for Heritage Development in Africa (CHDA) and in collaboration with the University of Nairobi, Institute of African Studies, Kenya National Archives and local heritage institutions and community-based organisations.
UNESCO Safeguards Endangered Museum Collections in Central Asia
UNESCO has launched two new projects in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan for the preservation of endangered ethnographic collections. This initiative will help a total of five Kyrgyz and Tajik museums to develop further their conservation methods as well as the management, care and documentation of their ethnographic collections.
UNESCO supports a project of preservation for the Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum premises and its archives to keep alive the memory of Cambodian history
Since 2009, the UNESCO Office in Phnom Penh and the Cambodian Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts have been supporting an ambitious project, which is financed by the USA contribution to UNESCO, aiming to preserve the Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, and conserve in a safe way all the archives containing prisoner’s photos, confessions, biographies and Khmer rouge magazines.
UNESCO-ICCROM Partnership for the Preventive Conservation of Endangered Museum Collections in Developing Countries (2007-2009)
In 2007, UNESCO launched a three-year partnership with ICCROM (International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property) to assist museums in developing countries with improving their skills for the preventive conservation of collections.
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