Recognition of foreign diplomas
Official recognition of foreign diplomas is the responsibility of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology.
Advanced training and research fellowships
FNA awards fellowships to artists for artistic creation, advanced training or research, which may be undertaken within the country or abroad, in various fields: plastic arts, music, folklore, audiovisual media and theatre. FNA also grants loans for artistic tours in Argentina or abroad, exhibitions and so forth.
International exchange programme for artists, technicians and culture professionals
The Secretary of Culture of Argentina, through the National Office of Cultural Policy and International Cooperation, runs an international exchange programme for artists, technicians and culture professionals in craftwork, digital arts, cinema, dance, sculpture, photography and cultural management.
Fellowships to promote the mobility of works
There are no fellowships specifically designed to promote mobility. However, it is possible to obtain financial aid for that purpose by requesting subsidies from FNA or the Secretariat of Culture of Argentina.
The MERCOSUR Cultural Seal
Noteworthy among the regulations aimed at facilitating the free circulation of works of art is a mechanism for the regional circulation of cultural goods, launched with the establishment of the MERCOSUR cultural seal under General Resolution No. 173/98 of the Federal Administration of Public Revenue and Resolution SC No. 2301/98 and the amendments thereto.
MERCOSUR: Towards the free circulation of cultural goods
The above mechanism makes it possible, through temporary import and export, to circulate between the States Parties of MERCOSUR cultural goods which have been approved by the competent bodies of each country. The circulation authorization, indicated by the MERCOSUR cultural seal, provides exemption from the obligation to provide guarantees and from other customs formalities.
Under the MERCOSUR cultural seal regime, customs inspections take place where the cultural goods are physically located, in the presence of a customs inspector. The cultural goods are then packed and marked with the MERCOSUR cultural seal, which protects them until they reach their destination, where they are inspected by customs and cultural officials of the importing country.
The seal permits carriage of the goods to any country in MERCOSUR without inspection at border customs posts. This cuts out inspections at places where the temperature and humidity may be such as to cause damage. The goods are transported directly from the point of origin to the destination, with a big saving in time. Curators of the exported goods are also able to monitor the works by being present at the customs inspections.
There is no exemption from customs duty under the MERCOSUR cultural seal regime because it was not established for that purpose.
Social welfare for artists working abroad
In the case of actors, the trade union requires producers to submit contracts concerning work abroad for artists who are nationals or residents of Argentina, ensuring the minimum conditions and providing guarantees to prevent the artist from being unable to re-enter the home country. With regard to health care, generally speaking, major producers contract for health services in the case of accidents, operations and so forth. There are reciprocal agreements between the Association of Actors and France and Uruguay and international organizations such as the Bloque Latinoamericano de Actores (BLADA) and the International Federation of Actors (FIA), which try to establish the granting of international passes to artists, but in some cases the precarious trade union status of the artists in many countries makes application impossible.
Reception and working conditions of foreign artists
Apart from national provisions concerning immigration, permanent residence, work and taxation contained in the basic legislation, there are no entry restrictions on foreign artists.
Provisions for the protection of local artists
In the case of actors, the regulations applicable to stage actors used to require the hiring of one local actor for every five foreign actors. Those regulations disappeared with the military regime. For musicians, there is a quota for hiring local artists, applicable to the playing of recordings as well. Nevertheless, in the absence of monitoring by the Ministry of Labour, such union gains are often ignored.
The international circulation of works of art is governed in the Argentine Republic by Law No. 24.633 and its regulatory Decree No. 1321/97, under which the definitive or temporary export or import of the works of art covered by the regulations are exempt from export and import duties, any surcharges or customs fees or port charges, statistical taxes, verification of destination, charges for storage and special services, including freight duties and consular charges (Articles 3 and 4 of the Law and Article 2 of the Decree).
The provisions of the legal regime are applicable solely to works of art of living artists or artists who have died in the preceding 50 years, whether Argentine or foreign, as specified in Article 1 of the Law.
The legal regime does not apply to copies, replicas or reproductions of works of art, carvings in coral, ivory or other luxury materials, or to artwork done by hand on industrially mass-produced items (Article 2 of the Law).
As stipulated in Law No. 24.633, responsibility for application rests with the Secretariat of Culture of Argentina, assisted by an honorary consultative board. Applications for permits are submitted to the Visual Arts Directorate of the Secretariat of Culture and, provided that the authorship of the work is certified, must be honoured except in cases where the work is declared by the Secretariat of Culture to belong to the historical and artistic heritage of the nation.
Source: Secretaría de Cultura de la Nación, October 2003.