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Home > Crisis in Iraq > Projects awaiting financial support > Pilot project for the Erbil Citadel 
Pilot project for the Erbil Citadel 


The Erbil Citadel is more than 8000 years old. Successive layers of settlements have formed the mound that comprises an area of about 10 hectares. The existence of a plentiful supply of ground water sustained the Citadel's inhabitants throughout its long history making the site one of the longest continuously inhabited in the world.

The Citadel rises 28-32 m above the surrounding city of Erbil, the capital of Iraq’s Kurdish region. The Citadel's population is about 3,000 people, 20% of them descendants of original inhabitants. They live in ~620 dwellings, most of them brick courtyard houses with mud roofs on timber joists, one-or two-storied, some with basements. The majority of the population belongs to a low-income group. Decades of civil unrest and neglect have taken their toll on the ancient citadel’s outer wall and the buildings, many of which are without electricity, drainage or piped water supply.

The project aims at identifying a building in the citadel and at providing it with necessary supplies and equipment to serve as focal point for the rehabilitation of the citadel at large and as a hosting place for cultural activities.

Budget Estimate: 500,000-600,000 USD

Start Date 12 Jan 2005
End Date 12 Dec 2006
Lead Organization / Sector / Office UNESCO (Division of Cultural Heritage)
Geography Keywords Iraq Erbil